Jude 14-19: The Lord Cometh to Judge

Translation & Sermon by Nate Wilson for Christ the Redeemer Church, Manhattan KS, 29 Oct 2017

Review & Introduction

·         In my first sermon on the book of Jude, I introduced the main command in the book of Jude to “up the fight” for the faith, and I focused on the three ethnic groups in verses 5, 6, and 7 that suffered for not keeping up the faith – that is the Hebrews in the wilderness, the fallen angels, and the people of Sodom & Gomorrah. We saw how the scriptures help us to contend earnestly for the true faith.

·         In my second sermon, we continued on the same theme, focusing on the three individuals mentioned in verse 11 – Cain, Balaam, and Korah, who knew about God but rebelled against Him and suffered the dreadful consequences. We saw how they fit with the four character traits of spiritual imposters outlined in verse 4, particularly the last two traits of licentiousness and lordship-denial (they are rebellious and are morally out-of-control).

·         In my third sermon on Jude 12-13, we looked at how wide the chasm is between us who keep fighting to trust Jesus and those who have joined the rebellion against Jesus, and we looked at the six metaphors Job employed to highlight the unattractiveness of rebellion against the Lord.

·         This week, as we look at verses 12-19, the second character trait mentioned in verse 4 rises to prominence, the character trait of being “ungodly/asebeis.” We will see that the main difference between those who are blessed and those who are condemned on Judgment Day is whether or not their lives are oriented around God.

·         Tension between godly and ungodly people has been ongoing through the entire history of mankind, and Jude illustrates this by bringing forth one of the earliest examples[1] of a godly man and his message to the ungodly folks around him:

Enoch’s Life Message

v.14. Now Enoch (seventh [generation] from Adam) prophecied also concerning these guys, saying, “Look! The Lord cometh with myriads of His holy ones[2] 15. to execute justice against all men and to lay out a case against all the ungodly [among them] concerning all their works of ungodliness which were ungodly and concerning all the harsh things that ungodly sinners uttered against Him.”


Genesis 5 gives the record of the generations between Adam and Noah, listing Enoch as seventh, or the great-great-great-great grandson of Adam[3]. In that record, it says twice that this Enoch “walked with God.”

<> Think about the times that Enoch lived in: Everyone around him was sinking deeper and deeper into sin and rebellion against God. Genesis 6:5 says that “the wickedness of man was great on the earth and every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” and it “grieved” God’s heart (NASB).

<> Surely when Enoch walked with God, they talked about this. Surely Enoch and God grieved together over all the wickedness around them as they walked. Surely God spoke of His coming judgment of flooding the earth with water and killing all but Enoch’s grandson Noah.

<> Is it any wonder then that the one message preserved from the life of Enoch is that God is coming to hold mankind accountable for sin; God will judge the world.

It should be no surprise then that Enoch’s life-message is preserved both in the Bible (in the book of Jude) and also in non-inspired Judaistic literature like the second-century book of Enoch. There were oral traditions accurately passed down through the ages that both Jude and the author of the later book of Enoch apparently drew from, but the so-called book of Enoch was probably written after the book of Jude by a Jew who was hostile toward Christianity, so we needn’t bother with it[4]. What Jude calls us to concern ourselves with was the life-message of Enoch which warned of God’s judgment against those who walk contrary to God. Some Bible scholars even say that Enoch’s naming of his son Methuselah was prophetic, for it could be interpreted to mean, “After his death will be the sending-forth” – and indeed the sending forth of the flood waters of God’s judgment happened the very year that Methuselah died.


It should be no surprise then that ever afterward in the scriptures, when the prophets and apostles wanted to describe God’s judgment coming upon sinners, they picked up on some of the phrases known to have been used by Enoch and which were inspired by God:

<> When Moses prophecied God’s judgment upon the Canaanites and blessing on the Hebrews, he said, “The LORD came from Sinai, And dawned on them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran, And He came with ten thousands of saints…” (Deut. 33:1-2, NKJV)

<> When Daniel prophecied about Judgment Day, he said, “…thrones were put in place, And the Ancient of Days was seated… Ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The court was seated, And the books were opened. I watched then because of the sound of the pompous words which the horn was speaking; I watched till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame.” (Daniel 7:9-11, NKJV)

<> And when Jesus spoke of Judgment Day, he said, “whenever the Son of Man shall come in His glory and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit upon His throne of glory, and all the nations will be gathered before Him, and He separates them from one another, just like a shepherd separates his sheep from his goats” (Matthew 25:31-32, NAW)

<> Likewise the Apostle Paul, “He may establish your hearts without blame in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His saints” (1 Thess. 3:13), and,  “…the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire, deal­ing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power, when He comes to be glorified in His saints on that day, and to be marveled at among all who have believed...” (2 Thess. 1:6-10, NASB)


The legacy of Enoch then provides a warning to the ungodly that God has come and judged mankind in the past and that He will come and do it again. However, Enoch’s legacy also provides the good news that those who orient their lives to walk with God will not be condemned in the judgment, for God’s holy ones will be “with” Him, and God will deliver some from the trial (as God did with Enoch, taking him to heaven without even apparently experiencing death), and others God will deliver through the trial (as God did with Noah who was safe inside the ark).


Now, let’s turn our attention to what Jude (and Enoch) meant by the word “ungodly.” Does it mean they have piercings and tattoos? Does it mean they drink beer and listen to rock music? Does it mean they are part of some denomination we don’t like?

What is Ungodliness?

Deeds that are specifically equated with “doing ungodliness” in the Greek Bible include:

<> Rebellion against the legal decision of a civil magistrate (Deut 17:13),

<> Living a life that does not keep the ways of the LORD (Psalm 18:21),

<> Sinning against God (Isaiah 59:13 Brenton  We have sinned, and dealt falsely, and revolted from our God: we have spoken unrighteous words, and have been disobedient; we have conceived and uttered from our heart unrighteous words.),

<> Breaking God’s law (Hos. 8:1, Zeph. 3:4),

<> Delivering a false prophecy – or a prophecy from some other god besides the LORD (Deut. 18:20, Jer. 2:8),

<> Worshipping false gods (Jeremiah 2:28-29 Brenton  And where are thy gods, which thou madest for thyself? will they arise and save in the time of thine affliction? for according to the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Juda; and according to the number of the streets of Jerusalem they sacrificed to Baal. Wherefore do ye speak unto me? ye all have been ungodly, and ye all have transgressed against me, saith the Lord.),

<> Adultery/sexual immorality (Lev. 20:12, Jer. 3:13?, Ezek. 16:27),

<> Murdering or otherwise oppressing the poor (Jer. 22:3),


Notice that it is not only lawbreaking “deeds” but also “harsh things…said” which God will judge. The Septuagint uses this word “hard/harsh” to refer to:

<> Korah, Dathan and Abiram in Numbers 16:26 who criticized Moses and Aaron and tried to overthrown God’s government over Israel… and were swallowed up in an earthquake.

<> 1 Samuel 20 describes King Saul’s words concerning David as “hard” (1 Samuel 20:30-31 “ Saul was furious with Jonathan and yelled, ‘You're no son of mine, you traitor! I know you've chosen to be loyal to that son of Jesse. You should be ashamed of yourself! And your own mother should be ashamed that you were ever born... He deserves to die!.” ~CEV). God saw to it that Saul was brutally murdered by his enemies.

<> 1 Sam 25 also describes Nabal as “hard,” who insulted David’s messengers after David’s men had defended Nabal’s sheep from raiders. Nabal died the next day of a heart attack.

<> Later, King Rehoboam of Judah spoke harshly to the people of Judah (1 Kings 12:14 “And he spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men, saying, ‘My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.’” ~Brenton) God sent the Egyptian army after him to humble him. There will be a day of reckoning.

Every careless criticism of God will be brought up in a court case against you, and you will see how terribly offended He gets when He is diss’ed. There will literally be hell to pay.


Breaking the 10 Commandments, speaking harsh words, and v.16 lists five more…

More traits of ungodliness

16. These guys are grumblers, discontent, conducting themselves according to their own lusts, and their mouths utter over-statements, admiring faces for the benefit of an advantage.


γογγυσταί – grumbling/

<> People grumbled against Jesus for eating with tax-collectors (Luke 5:30),

<> They grumbled about Him claiming to be the bread that came down from heaven (John 6:41),

<> They grumbled when He showed up and did a miracle, and they grumbled when He didn’t show up and didn’t do a miracle (John 7:12).

<> In the OT, Korah, Dathan, and Abiram grumbled against Moses & Aaron’s leadership[5]

<> Ex. 16:8 Moses and Aaron said, “Jehovah hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him: and what are we? your grumblings are not against us, but against Jehovah.”

<> In the NT, the Greek Christians grumbled because the church was giving more food to the Jewish Christians (Acts 6:1),

<> In Corinth, church folks were Grumbling about Paul’s authority “I am of Paul/Apollos/Peter” (1 Cor. 1:12),

<> And the battle against grumbling still needs to be fought in the church today: 1 Peter 4:9 “be hospitable toward one another without grumblings,” and Phil. 2:14, “Do all things without grumbling or arguing” (NAW).


The next word in v.16 for “compainers/faultfinders/malcontents” (μεμψίμοιροι) doesn’t occur anywhere else in the Greek Bible. The closest word I could find was in Job 33, where the first half of this Greek word occurs speaking of how God is able to find fault with anybody.

<> It is the prerogative of a god to find fault, but if we believe we are not God but are rather under the sovereign care of a perfect God, then we have no room to complain and find fault concerning what God has provided us.

<> It is an attitude which is not oriented toward the truth of who God is that always finds something to complain about.

<> This, in fact is one of the tenets of Secular Humanism which K-State attempts to inculcate in every student through its English 101 class. Some call it Marxist jealousy politics. Students are trained to look at themselves as victims who have been disenfranchised by white, Christian, capitalist, heterosexual males, and write articles about this. This is perfectly consistent with the belief that God does not exist and that human beings are essentially all little gods with the authority to define their own little systems of ethics and justice and blame everybody else for what’s wrong with the world.

<> The Bible, however, links contentment with being oriented around the true God, as it says in 1 Timothy 6:6, “godliness with contentment is great gain” (KJV).


The third characteristic of the ungodly in v.16 is “Walking after their own desires/lusts” – this characteristic shows up in the NT only in 1-2 Peter and Jude.

<> It’s a condition of the latter days when people throw off accountability to God and figure they can do anything they want because they think they are god.

<> That reminds me of a Bob Dylan song I heard last week where he sang (if you could call what he does “singing”), “I don’t know which is worse, doing your own thing or just being cool,” but that was a profound insight.

<> We also see people living by their lusts in the Old Testament, for instance the rebellious Hebrews in the wilderness: Numbers 11:1-6 “And the people murmured sinfully before the Lord; and the Lord heard them and was very angry; and fire was kindled among them from the Lord, and devoured a part of the camp. And the people cried to Moses: and Moses prayed to the Lord, and the fire was quenched... And the mixed multitude among them lusted exceedingly; and they and the children of Israel sat down and wept and said, ‘Who shall give us flesh to eat? We remember the fish, which we ate in Egypt freely; and the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the garlic, and the onions. But now our soul is dried up; our eyes turn to nothing but to the manna.” (Brenton) So God gave them quail (like little chickens) to eat, but also killed a bunch of those grumblers with a plague while they were pigging out on the quail, and they were buried in a place they called “the graves of lust.”

<> Now desire, in-and-of itself, is not bad. That‘s one of the problems with Buddhism which considers desire itself to be the problem. The Bible tells us that desire which is oriented around God is good and brings about good things. The Proverbs, for instance, are full of statements about this: Prov. 10:24 “The ungodly is engulfed in destruction; but the desire of the righteous is acceptable.” Prov. 11:23 “All the desire of the righteous is good: but the hope of the ungodly shall perish.” And Prov. 13:12b “…a good desire is a tree of life.” (Brenton).


The 4th characteristic of ungodliness in v.16 is having “mouths that utter υπερογκα – great, swelling, arrogant, loud,” literally “overweight” words. In the parallel passage of 2 Peter 2:18 “they noise exaggerations out of nothing” (NAW).

<> This seems to be an echo of the prophecy of Daniel 11:36 “And he shall do according to his will, and the king shall exalt and magnify himself against every god, and shall speak great swelling words, and shall prosper until the indignation shall be accomplished: for it is coming to an end.” Now, whether Daniel’s prophecy refers to Antiochus Epiphanes or to the Pope or to the Antichrist (cf. 2 Thess. 2:3-4) can be debated, but note that inflated rhetoric is typical of leaders who are not oriented around the true God.

<> We see this to be true of political leaders today, from our latest American Presidents to the latest dictators of North Korea. One reason for this is that truth is regulated by God, so anybody that disconnects himself from the one true God disconnects himself from objective truth and becomes delusional, promising more than can be delivered, and playing loose with accuracy in order to manipulate people.

<> On the other hand, what is it that those who are oriented around God “utter”? Truth! Ephesians 4:17-25 “…y’all are no longer to walk also as the nations walk, in the futility of their minds… having been darkened in their understanding, having been alienated from the life of God; through the ignorance that continues to exist in them through the hardness of their hearts, who, having become apathetic, they delivered themselves into sensuality, into every impure work in greed. But as for y’all, it was not in this way you learned about Christ… so truth is in Jesus: to put off of you what pertains to the former way of life – the old man which is being corrupted according to the lusts from deception - and to be renewed in the spirit of your mind and to put on the new man which was created by the likeness of God in righteousness and in the holiness of truth. Therefore, after putting off falsehood, continue to utter truth each with his neighbor…” (NAW)


The last characteristic of ungodliness in the list at v.16 is θαυμάζοντες πρόσωπα ὠφελείας χάριν.

<> Nowhere else in the Bible is this Greek word thaumazw translated “flatter” so I prefer the ESV’s interpretation of “showing favoritism,” even though words literally mean “admiring faces.”

<> Not showing favoritism is what those who are oriented around God do: Leviticus 19:15-16 “Thou shalt not act unjustly in judgment: thou shalt not accept the person of the poor, nor admire the person of the mighty; with justice shalt thou judge thy neighbour. Thou shalt not walk deceitfully among thy people; thou shalt not rise up against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the Lord your God.” (Brenton) That is because God Himself doesn’t show favoritism (Deut. 10:17, 2 Chron 19:6-7).

<> As for those who fall into this sin, the Old Testament prophets promise that God will punish this: Job 13:10b-12 “…if moreover ye should secretly respect persons, shall not His whirlpool sweep you round, and terror from him fall upon you? And your glorying shall prove in the end to you like ashes...” (Brenton, cf. Isa 9:15).

<> When our life is oriented around God, we will look to God for help before we look to people (Isaiah 30:1-5).

The Bible sorts out the truth for us

17. But as for y’all, beloved, keep remembering the words which have been spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ, 18. that told y’all that up to the end time there will be mockers conducting themselves according to their own ungodly desires. 19. These guys are the ones who are cliquish, sensual, not having the Spirit.


Matthew (and Mark 13:23) quoted Jesus saying: “…false messiahs and false prophets will be raised up, and they will give great signs and wonders so as to cause, if it were in their power, even the chosen ones to wander astray. See, I have foretold it to y’all.” (Matt. 24:24-25, NAW)

And Peter, who also references Old Testament prophets before him, said the same thing: “…be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us, the apostles of the Lord and Savior, knowing this first: that scoffers will come in the last days, walking according to their own lusts, and saying, ‘Where is the promise of His coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation.’ For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God… the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water. But the heavens and the earth which are now preserved by the same word, are reserved for fire [for] the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.” (2 Pet. 3:2-7, NKJV)


This is also hinted at by the Apostle Paul in Gal. 1:9, “As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed” (NKJV).


The only other time the phrase “end chronos-time” shows up in the Bible is in 1 Peter 1:20, where it refers to the phase of history that started at Jesus’ incarnation. But there are many other similar phrases in scripture, such as:

<> “last hour” (which John identified as being during his time and thus the same period of history as Jude’s “last time” - 1 John 2:18),

<> and “last days” which, in the OT prophets, refers to the A.D. years,[6] and in the NT, plural “last days,” is the present time up to the last day.

> They are characterized by God’s word and Spirit being more fully-available to believers (Acts 2:17, Heb. 1:2) while at the same time unbelievers are going from bad to worse (2 Tim. 3:1, James 5:3, 2 Pet 3:3),

> which comports with Paul’s “last kairos-times” (plural) in 2 Timothy 3:1-5, “But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come: For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!” (NKJV).

<> This “end-time/last times/last days/last hour” ends in the future at the singular “last day” when the dead will be resurrected and all will be judged[7].

Jude was in the end-time and so are we, and he is not the only apostle who alerted us to expect mockers/scoffers.

<> The noun εμπαικται (“mockers/scoffers”) is only found in three places in the Greek Bible: here, in the parallel passage in 2 Pet 3:3, and also in Isa. 3:4 (LXX rendering of Hebrew תעלולים – pretentious, capricious, fit-throwing, immature babies/infants/youths/children).

<> The verb form shows up 11 times in the Gospels to describe Jesus being mocked by the Jews and Romans at His trial and execution.

<> Mockers there will be, but God will get the last word. The Apostle Paul reminds us (using a synonym for “mockers”) in Galatians 6:7-8, “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked [μυκτηριζεται]; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap. For he who sows to his flesh will of the flesh reap corruption, but he who sows to the Spirit will of the Spirit reap everlasting life.” (NKJV)


Once again we see that the relationship of one’s desires to God is the dividing line between being blessed and being cursed. Those who walk/follow/conduct themselves according to their own desires/passions will be condemned in God’s judgment, but those who, like Enoch, “walk WITH God,” according to God’s desires, submitting to God’s laws, praising God instead of speaking harsh things against Him, trusting Jesus to save them, will be saved in the judgment and will be blessed forever!


Those who are oriented around their own desires have no connection with God’s Spirit, so they are limited to their five senses as to what they can perceive. They are sensual in that sense that they have no access to information by spiritual means, like we who have the mind and Spirit of Christ do. Furthermore, since they have no fellowship with Christ, they are limited to human companionship, so they can’t be content if they feel unloved by other people; they must manipulate relationships to get people to side with them, and this necessarily forms divisions/cliques.


1 Corinthians 2:12-16 gives the rest of the story, “Now, as for us, we received – not the spirit of the world, but rather – the Spirit, the one which [came] out of God, in order that we might know the things freely given to us by God. These are also what we are uttering, not in learned words of human wisdom, but rather in learned spiritual things from the Spirit, interpreting spiritual things. Now, a natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are stupidity to him. He is not even able to know because it has to be figured out spiritually. But the spiritual person figures everything out, yet as for him, no [natural] person figures him out, for who knew the mind of the Lord? Who will instruct Him? Yet we, we have the mind of Christ!” (NAW)


Note Hosea’s prophecy about how ridiculous ungodliness is: “ Hosea 7:13-16 Brenton  Woe to them! for they have started aside from me: they are cowards; for they have sinned against me: yet I redeemed them, but they spoke falsehoods against me.  And their hearts did not cry to me, but they howled on their beds: they pined for oil and wine.  They were instructed by me, and I strengthened their arms; and they devised evils against me. They turned aside to that which is not, they became as a bent bow: their princes shall fall by the sword, by reason of the unbridled state of their tongue...”


This is why we see in Psalm 1: “Blessed is the man who has not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, and has not stood in the way of sinners, and has not sat in the seat of evil men. But his pleasure is in the law of the Lord; and in his law will he meditate day and night. And he shall be as a tree planted by the brooks of waters, which shall yield its fruit in its season [they are not fruitless trees at harvest-time like the bad-guys Jude described]... the ungodly shall not rise in judgment, nor sinners in the counsel of the just. For the Lord knows the way of the righteous; but the way of the ungodly shall perish.”



APPENDIX: Commentators on the source of Jude’s quote of Enoch


John Gill (1766): “[T]hat Enoch wrote a prophecy, and left it behind him in writing, does not appear from hence, or elsewhere; the Jews, in some of their writings, do cite and make mention of the book of Enoch; and there is a fragment now which bears his name, but is a spurious piece, and has nothing like this prophecy in it; wherefore Jude took this not from a book called the ‘Apocalypse of Enoch’, but from tradition; this prophecy being handed down from age to age; and was in full credit with the Jews, and therefore the apostle very appropriately produces it; or rather he had it by divine inspiration…”


John Owen (1855): “There is no evidence of such a book [of Enoch] being known for some time after this epistle was written; and the book so called was probably a forgery, occasioned by this reference to Enoch’s prophecy.”


Adam Clarke (1826): “a book of Enoch was known in the earliest ages of the primitive Church, and is quoted by Origen and Tertullian; and is mentioned by St. Jerome in the Apostolical Constitutions, by Nicephorus, Athanasius, and probably by St. Augustine.”


Marvin Vincent (1886): “The Book of Enoch, which was known to the fathers of the second century, was lost for some centuries with the exception of a few fragments, and was found entire in a copy of the Ethiopic Bible, in 1773, by Bruce. It became known to modern students through a translation from this into English by Archbishop Lawrence, in 1821.”


Albert Barnes (1885): “Amidst the multitude of traditions, however, handed down by the Jews from a remote antiquity, though many of them were false, and many of a trifling character, it is reasonable to presume that some of them were true and were of importance… an inspired writer might … be led to make the selection of a true prophecy from a mass of traditions... There is no clear evidence that he quoted it from any book extant in his time. There is, indeed, now an apocryphal writing called ‘the Book of Enoch,’ containing a prediction strongly resembling this, but there is no certain proof that it existed so early as the time of Jude, nor, if it did, is it absolutely certain that he quoted from it. Both Jude and the author of that book may have quoted a common tradition of their time, for there can be no doubt that the passage referred to was handed down by tradition. The passage as found in ‘the Book of Enoch’ is in these words: ‘Behold he comes with ten thousand of his saints, to execute judgment upon them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the carnal, for everything which the sinful and ungodly have done and committed against him.’” Barnes seemed to think that this apocryphal book of Enoch (not actually in the Apocrypha) was written after Jude, and with that Fausset’s commentary offers support, saying that this Apocryphal book of Enoch is Jewish and not Christian, for it knows nothing of Jesus.



Jude 14-19 Greek Edition and Comparative translations[A]





14 προεφήτευσε δὲ καὶ τούτοις ἕβδομος ἀπὸ ᾿Αδὰμ ῾Ενὼχ λέγων· ἰδοὺ ἦλθε Κύριος[B] ἐν ἁγίαις μυριάσιν αὐτοῦ,

14. Now Enoch (sev­enth [generation] from Adam) proph­ecied also concern­ing these guys, say­ing, “Look! The Lord cometh with myri­ads of His holy ones

14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

14 X It was also about these that Enoch, the seventh from Adam, pro­ph­esied, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his holy ones,

15 ποιῆσαι κρίσιν κατὰ πάντων καὶ [C]ἐλέγξαι πάντας τοὺς ἀσεβεῖς [αὐτῶν][D] περὶ πάντων τῶν ἔργων ἀσεβείας αὐτῶν ὧν ἠσέβησαν[E] καὶ περὶ πάντων τῶν σκληρῶν[F] ὧν ἐλάλη­σαν κατ᾿ αὐτοῦ ἁμαρ­τωλοὶ ἀσεβεῖς.

15. to execute jus­tice against all men and to lay out a case against all the un­godly [among them] concerning all their works of ungodli­ness which were ungodly and concerning all the harsh things that ungodly sinners uttered against Him.

15 To execute judg­ment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among themTR,Maj,Pat of all their ungodly deeds which they have un­godly committed, and of all their hard speeches which un­godly sinners have spoken against him.

15 to execute judg­ment on all and to convict all the un­godly of all their deeds of un­godli­ness that they have commit­ted in [such] an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things that ungod­ly sinners have spoken against him.”

16 Οὗτοί εἰσι γογγυσ­ταί, μεμψίμοιροι, κατὰ τὰς ἐπιθυμίας ἑαυτῶν πορευόμενοι, καὶ τὸ στόμα [G]αὐτῶν λαλεῖ ὑπέρογκα, θαυμάζ­οντες πρόσωπα ὠφελείας χάριν.

16. These guys are grumblers, discon­tent, conducting themselves accord­ing to their own desires, and their mouths utter over-statements, admir­ing faces for the benefit of an advantage.

16 These are mur­murers, complain­ers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speak­eth great swelling words, having men's persons in admira­tion because of advantage.

16 These are grumblers, mal­con­tents, follow­ing their own [sin­ful] desires; they are loud-mouthed boasters, showing favoritism to gain advantage.

17 ῾Υμεῖς δέ, ἀγαπητοί, μνήσθητε τῶν ῥημά­των τῶν προειρημένων ὑπὸ τῶν ἀποστόλων τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν ᾿Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ,

17. But as for y’all, beloved, keep rem­embering the words which have been spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ,

17 But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;

17 But you must remember, belov­ed, the X X pre­dic­tions of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ.

18 ὅτι ἔλεγον ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐπ[H] ἐσχατου του χρονου ἔσονται ἐμ­παῖκ­ται κατὰ τὰς ἑαυτῶν ἐπιθυμίας πορευόμενοι τῶν ἀσεβειῶν.

18. that told y’all that up to the end time there will be mockers conducting themselves accord­ing to their own ungodly desires.

18 [How] that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

18 X They said to you, “In the last time there will be scoffers, following their own ungodly passions.”

19 Οὗτοί εἰσιν οἱ ἀποδιορίζοντες[I], ψυχικοί, Πνεῦμα μὴ ἔχοντες.

19. These guys are the ones who are cliquish, sensual, not having the Spirit.

19 These be they who separate them­selves, sensual, hav­ing not the Spirit.

19 It is these who cause divisions, worldly people, devoid of the Spirit.


[1] John Calvin (1551): “Were any one to ask, that since similar sentences occur in many parts of Scripture, why did he not quote a testimony written by one of the prophets? The answer is obvious, that he wished to repeat from the oldest antiquity what the Spirit had pronounced respecting them…”

[2] Jude has mentioned the “saints/holy ones” once before in v.3 when he said that the faith had been delivered to them. Since other passages in the Bible mention angels also being part of the Lord’s company, John Calvin commented, “by ‘saints’ he means the faithful as well as angels; for both will adorn the tribunal of Christ…”

[3] Adam, Seth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, and Enoch.

[4] See appendix of commentators on this topic.

[5]1 Cor 10:10 And stop complaining, as some of them complained and were destroyed by the Destroyer (NAW, cf. Num 16:1-9)

[6] Jer. 17:11; 23:20; 25:19; 37:24; Eze. 38:8,16; Dan. 2:28; 10:14; Hos. 3:5; Mic. 4:1 - In the Pentateuch, however, “last days” seems to just mean “in the years to come” (Gen. 49:1; Num. 24:14; Deu. 4:30; 8:16; Jos. 24:27).

[7] John 6:39-40 This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day. And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day." (NKJV)

John 11:24 Martha said to Him, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day." (NKJV)

John 12:48b “the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day.” (NKJV),

These comport with Peter’s singular “last kairos-time” (1 Peter 1:5 “y’all are protected by God’s power through faith for the purpose of a prepared salvation to be revealed during the final time.” -NAW) as the ending of the plural “last times.”

[A] [Brackets] indicate the addition of a word or concept not originally in the Greek text. Strikethrough indicates an inaccurate meaning or inaccurate grammar in the English version compared to the Greek text. X’s are inserted where a version omitted a word present in the Greek. Underlining highlights a translation that is different from all the other English versions. Where English versions are more than diverse on a key word, I colored the Greek word and its translated words with the same color. I have also used some abbreviations to identify the sources of variants based on editions of the Greek New Testament (GNT) currently in print: “Maj.” stands for the reading of the majority of all Greek manuscripts predating the printing press, “UBS” stands for critical editions of the GNT published by the United Bible Society, “T.R.” stands for the Textus Receptus editions of the GNT, and “Pat.” stands for the Greek Orthodox Patristic edition of the GNT.

[B] Genesis 5, Deut 33:1-2, Daniel 7:9-11, Zech. 14:3-5, Matthew 25:31-32, 1 Thess. 3:13, 2 Thess. 1:6-10, Enoch 1:9.

[C] The T.R. adds the prefix εξ- (“out”) to this verb, but it doesn’t change the meaning. It’s not in the Patristic edition, and Nestle-Aland do not mention any Greek manuscripts with this extra prefix.

[D] On the basis of nothing more than two manuscripts (Papyrus72 & Sinaiticus, which, granted, are the oldest-known, but not by more than 1 century), the modern critical texts change “all the ungodly among them” to “every soul.” The ancient Syrian and Coptic translations are split between the two readings, but the Vulgate went with the former. This changes the meaning from saying that God will convict only the ungodly of sin to saying that God will convict every person of sin, which, while it could be qualified by other scripture, borders on contradicting other scripture, and I believe was rightly rejected by the NASB, NIV, and ESV (even though they usually follow the UBS Greek New Testament pretty slavishly). It appears that the phrase “among them” might not be attested in any of the older manuscripts, but it doesn’t make a significant difference in meaning.

[E] This verb for “doing ungodliness shows up in  Deut 17:13, 18:20, Jer. 2:8, Psalm 18:21, Isaiah 59:13, Hos. 8:1, Zeph. 3:4, Jeremiah 2:28-29, Lev. 20:12, Jer. 3:13, Ezek. 16:27, Jer. 22:3, Hosea 7:13-16, etc.

[F] The KJV and NIV reflect the reading of a minority of Greek texts (including the Ephraemi Rescriptus) which add the Greek word “words” here.

[G] On the basis of only 8 Greek manuscripts (only one of which dates earlier than the 6th Century) plus a correction at an unknown time to the oldest-known manuscript (P72, the original reading of which they reject, and they also reject its omission of six words earlier in this verse), the modern critical editions strangely opt for the reflexive spelling “themselves.” It doesn’t change the meaning, though.

[H] “in” is the reading of the majority of Greek manuscripts and of the Textus Receptus, and of the 1904 Greek Orthodox Patristic edition, but “upon” is the reading of the modern critical texts because it is the reading of all five of the known pre-6th-century Greek manuscripts. This difference of preposition results in a change of case in its object words from genitive to dative (ἐν ἐσχάτῳ χρόνῳ), but there is no difference in meaning.

[I] This word occurs nowhere else in the Greek Bible. The 19th century Scrivner edition of the Textus Receptus inserts the word “themselves” (εαυτους), although it is not in the Stevens edition of 1550. It must also be in the Beza edition since it is in the KJV. The NKJV editors corrected this by removing the word “themselves,” which would seem to indicate that they also considered it a later insertion. However, it is in at least six Greek manuscripts, one of which is pre-6th-Century, and in a few old Latin manuscripts.